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Welcome to English World
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Vous n'avez jamais appris l'anglais ? Vous ne savez pas un mot ? Vous ne savez pas par où commencer ? Bienvenue !

L'alphabet

Les couleurs

Les pronoms personnels sujets

 
   
Last Updated on Friday, 08 November 2013 19:04
 
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Equivalents classes FR / GB / US
Last Updated on Friday, 07 September 2012 04:01
 
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Sounds Right: discover Phonetics

Learn English phonetics on the BBC website:

http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/fr/mobile-learning/sounds-right

Last Updated on Sunday, 01 July 2012 09:32
 
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Written by Susannah   

Slang: colloquial speech – things we would say when chatting to a friend, but might hesitate to say when faced with her majesty the Queen. As opposed to The Queens English…which we all know we ought to use in polite company, but would hesistate to use when chatting to friends for fear of sounding like the Queen.

            The use of slang reflects a change in attitude in the modern day. A change from the attitude when people used formal language with others, in essence saying ‘I like and respect you and want to make an effort to use correct language to impress you’ ; as opposed to the modern day attitude, when people use slang to say ‘we like and respect eachother so there’s no need for me to use complex language to impress you’.

This change in attitude reflects a change in culture from a time when education was in part a symbol of social status. The wealthy, upper classes had access to higher education and therefore learned ‘proper’ language and manners. The less wealthy could not afford to stay in education and had to work as soon as possible. In essence, by using formal, proper language, it highlighted your education and status, and showed good manners and respect to other people.

Nowadays, in a culture where education is no longer a symbol of status, and in fact it is quite pretentious to draw attention to your status or wealth, we show other people that we like them and are comfortable around them by using slang. We are showing that we feel no need to ‘put on airs and graces’ around them; it is safe to let down our guard and be informal together.

Of course, outside our groups of friends there is still a place for the use of formal language: in the work place for example, and in many other situations. The sadness would come not from the use of slang itself, but from the loss of some of the original English language which is worth remembering. Poetry, literature and some of the most beautiful writing comes from intelligent, clever and even humorous but nonetheless correct use of the English language. And whether it is complex or not, literature and correct English can be beautiful, as can any language used in the right way.

Just as art has no need to be complicated or elaborate to be valid, language need not be formal or complex. There is a place for the informal, for slang and colloquialism, as there is a place for abstract art. It is a new means of expression – often incorporating words from other languages and cultures, showing diversity, innovation and an attitude which questions the need for formal limits of expression. But it need not replace the elaborate, more formal use of correct language – which is a wonderful means of expression in itself.

I admire the paintings in modern art galleries, with a few simple blocks of colour to express an idea, but nobody would expect it to replace the complex paintings of Degas, George Stubbs or Monet. In the same way with language, the simple, colloquial slang and the complex, formal use of grammar are each different means of expression, each of which has a valid place in the modern world. Ultimately, if we can get across the message we intended then we have expressed ourselves very articulately no matter how correct we may be.

Last Updated on Thursday, 27 May 2010 21:22
 
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La préposition ON

Ok, dans cet extrait, notre héros Mick Dundee indique à l'autre personnage que sa barque repose maintenant au fond de la rivière. Ici, comme vous pouvez l'entendre, on dira "ON the bottom".

Last Updated on Saturday, 15 May 2010 16:17
 
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